2020-2021 First Aid2020-07-17T17:34:27+00:00


a. Advise them to stay still, send for help and where possible support the person in the water;
b. Get them to swim to the bank to help stretch out the back muscles;
c.Lift them out of the water and placing them in a comfortable position;
d.Assisting them into the boat for a rest.

a. Ring the local doctor then call an ambulance;
b. Follow DRSABCD, including keeping them calm and loosen tight clothing;
c. Have them do some exercise to relieve the pain;
d. Ask someone to drive them to hospital.

a. Elevate the leg and apply a hot pack to ease the pain;
b. Rest and support the limb using soft padding/bandage and apply a cold pack;
c. Give the casualty pain relief to ease the pain;
d. Tell them to go for a swim.

a. Look and feel for movement of the upper/lower chest;
b. Tilt the head back and pinch their nostrils;
c. Listen and feel for escape of air from the nose/mouth;
d. Both a & c

a. Applying a clean dressing and ointment to the burn;
b. Remove anything that may be stuck to the burn;
c. Hold burnt area under cool running water for 20min;
d. Directly apply ice to the area that is burnt.

a. Offer to take them for a drive in the car;
b. Loosen tight clothing around neck/chest;
c. Maintain body warmth but do not use direct heat;
d. Make them a warm drink.

a. If they have medication, ask if they need assistance administering it;
b. If no improvement call triple zero (000);
c. Give the person sugar, such as fruit juice or a soft drink (NOT ‘diet’ drinks), jellybeans or glucose tablets;
d. All of the above.

b. Triple Zero (000)

a. Ask the person to have a lie down and rest;
b. Assist with giving them their medication and immediately call triple zero (000);
c. Drive the patient to the local doctor’s clinic;
d. Take them for a swim in a heated pool.

a. Ask them to go for a jog to warm up;
b. Give them some alcohol;
c. Warm the patient in a sleeping bag or in an emergency blanket;
d. Stand the patient in the sun.

a. 1 breath: 5 compressions: rate of 12 cycles per minute;
b. 30 breaths: 2 compressions: rate of 100 compressions per minute;
c. 2 breaths: 15 Compressions: rate of 20 cycles per minute;
d. 30 compressions: 2 breaths: rate of 100 compressions per minute.

a. Check their airway;
b. Apply a cold compress and offer a cool drink;
c. Lie them on the ground, with their feet raised;
d. Assist them to lie down, keep head/shoulders raised and seek medical attention.

a. Continue the chest compressions;
b. Place the patient into the recovery position;
c. Check for a response by gently shaking the patient;
d. Stop the chest compressions but continue with Expired Air Resuscitation.

a. To check for a pulse;
b. Check their airway;
c. Check for dangers to yourself and others;
d. Wrap them in a warm blanket.

a. Giving them a beer to cool them down;
b. Tell them to go for a swim in the river;
c. Lie them down in a cool place and loosen tight clothing;
d. Go for another run up the river.

a. Place them in the recovery position;
b. Loosen their clothing and be prepared to commence CPR;
c. Complete a Vital Signs Survey;
d. Follow DRSABCD and sit or lie the patient down.

a. Apply a tourniquet and call an ambulance;
b. Clean the wound with antiseptic and bandage the entire limb firmly;
c. Apply direct pressure over or close to the wound, elevate and call triple zero (000);
d. Run the area under cool water until the bleeding stops.